Aims and background: Aerobic vaginitis (AV) is an alteration in vaginal bacterial flora. AV has drawn attention because of its threat to women's reproductive health and pregnancy. If AV is not diagnosed early and treated correctly, it can diffuse in the genital apparatus and during pregnancy can cause abnormal outcomes like preterm birth, premature rupture of membrane (PROM) chorioamnionitis, etc. Little is known about the treatment's success in reducing adverse pregnancy outcomes in mothers with AV infection. The study aims to report the prevalence of AV in pregnant women and to provide evidence of the threat of AV on pregnancy outcomes.
Materials and methods: Vaginal swab specimens were obtained from females attending the obstetric outpatient department (OPD) from June 2021 to May 2022. Swab samples were immediately sent to the laboratory for Gram stain, AV scoring, and culture and sensitivity. All participants were followed up to evaluate pregnancy outcomes.
Results: A total of 197 pregnant women enrolled in the study, 21 (10.7%) women were having AV. The majority of the isolates belong to the Staphylococcus species (47.9%, 11/23) followed by Escherichia coli (E. coli) (26.1%, 6/23). Antibiotic resistance has shown to be minimal.
Conclusion: Screening of all pregnant women for infections like AV contributes to the improvement of pregnancy outcomes.
Clinical significance: Knowing the incidence of the infection and its outcomes improves the standard of care among pregnant women.
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