Catheter-associated Urinary Tract Infection Surveillance in Intensive Care Units in a Tertiary Care Hospital: A Pilot Study
R Harshini, S Sangeetha
Keywords : Candida albicans, CAUTI, Device Days, E. coli
Citation Information :
Harshini R, Sangeetha S. Catheter-associated Urinary Tract Infection Surveillance in Intensive Care Units in a Tertiary Care Hospital: A Pilot Study. J Med Sci 2018; 4 (3):79-82.
Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) develop either during or after placement of a urinary catheter. CAUTI has been shown to increase patient morbidity and mortality, increase in the length of stay, and add to the cost of care. It is preventable provided appropriate protocols are meticulously followed.
Aims and objectives: This pilot study was conducted over a two month period to determine the rates of CAUTI in the intensive care units of a tertiary care hospital.
Materials and methods: One hundred samples from CAUTI cases were studied for their microbiological profile and antibiotic sensitivity pattern.
Study: Descriptive study.
Results: It was observed that out of 100 samples collected after obtaining informed consent from the Medical Intensive Care Unit (MICU) and Surgical Intensive Care Unit (SICU), 3 cases were reported positive for CAUTI. The sex ratio indicated higher rates for males and lesser for females. Candida albicans was present as a main pathogen followed by Escherichia coli. The overall rate of CAUTI for the two months was 5 per 1000 device days. But this study indicates that precautionary measures need to be properly implemented for preventing CAUTI.
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